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Carlotta - the museum database

1938.30.0116 :: klocka, idiofon

Object description

Klocka (sanskrit: ghanta) av brons. Handtag och klocka är gjutna var och en för sig och är fästade till varandra med en sprint. I klockan sitter en kläpp. Handtaget är upptill dekorerat med bajra (sanskrit: vajra), Indras åskvigg. Klockan ingår i den prästerliga ritualen, den har hinduiskt ursprung.

Enligt Generalkatalogen kan klockan också användas av en dukun (medicinman) och kallas då klènèng.

"...the coppersmiths and copper casters of the Banjar Budaga in Klungkung worked for the open market. The main customers for their products, forged or cast out of brass or red brass, were priests of all categories, whose demands for cult objects and attributes could only be met by them.

The Hinduistic type of bell (ghanta) that accompanies the recitation of the mantras is numbered among the best known specialities of the copper casters of Klungkung. These bells have artfully decorated handles in the shape of Indra's thunderbolt (bajra), Wisnu's weapon (cakra), Siwa's bull, etc. The material for such bells generally came from fragments of the keys of old metallophones.

In Banjar Budaga, Brahmana priests of the Buddhistic (padanda boda) and Siwaite (padanda siwa) sects bought the lamps on two connected feet (padamaran) and the tripods (tripada) used as bases for round holy water containers (swamba) and incense burners (pasepan) that were all typical of their ritual. The feet of such pieces were often decorated with figures of lions (singha). The special attribute of the padanda boda, the thunderbolt bajra, was also produced here.

All these cult objects were for the most part made using the so-called lost wax technique. A model made of beeswax and exactly corresponding to the desired object was first covered with a mixture of clay, burnt bran and water. After this thin layer was dry, another layer, this time made of clay, was put on. When the cast, too, was dry, it could be heated over a fire until the wax flowed out through holes left for that purpose. Now the clay cast was fired. After it had cooled, liquefied metal could be poured into it. Finally the clay shell was smashed and the object appeared." (Ramseyer, Urs. 1977. s.66)

Andra föremål som ingår i den prästerliga ritualen i denna samling:

Skål (swamba), 1938.30.444

Lampa (padamaran), 1938.30.114

Kanna (kenceng, enligt Generalkatalogen), 1938.30.113

Kanna (kekenceng, enligt Generalkatalogen), 1938.30.120

Rökelseskål (pasepan), 1938.30.115

m.fl.

Skador:

Klockan har korroderat.

Inventarienummer
1938.30.0116
Sakord
klocka; idiofon
Sakord sanskrit
ghanta
Sakord, engelska
bell
Motivord
åskvigg
Etnisk grupp - ursprung
balineser
Region - ursprung
Bali
Land - ursprung
Indonesien : Asien
alt
Geonames-referens
sws.geonames.org
Källor, Wikipedia - beskr. av
sv.wikipedia.org
Land, engelska - ursprung
Indonesia
Världsdel - ursprung
Asien
Beskrivning

Klocka (sanskrit: ghanta) av brons. Handtag och klocka är gjutna var och en för sig och är fästade till varandra med en sprint. I klockan sitter en kläpp. Handtaget är upptill dekorerat med bajra (sanskrit: vajra), Indras åskvigg. Klockan ingår i den prästerliga ritualen, den har hinduiskt ursprung.

Enligt Generalkatalogen kan klockan också användas av en dukun (medicinman) och kallas då klènèng.

"...the coppersmiths and copper casters of the Banjar Budaga in Klungkung worked for the open market. The main customers for their products, forged or cast out of brass or red brass, were priests of all categories, whose demands for cult objects and attributes could only be met by them.

The Hinduistic type of bell (ghanta) that accompanies the recitation of the mantras is numbered among the best known specialities of the copper casters of Klungkung. These bells have artfully decorated handles in the shape of Indra's thunderbolt (bajra), Wisnu's weapon (cakra), Siwa's bull, etc. The material for such bells generally came from fragments of the keys of old metallophones.

In Banjar Budaga, Brahmana priests of the Buddhistic (padanda boda) and Siwaite (padanda siwa) sects bought the lamps on two connected feet (padamaran) and the tripods (tripada) used as bases for round holy water containers (swamba) and incense burners (pasepan) that were all typical of their ritual. The feet of such pieces were often decorated with figures of lions (singha). The special attribute of the padanda boda, the thunderbolt bajra, was also produced here.

All these cult objects were for the most part made using the so-called lost wax technique. A model made of beeswax and exactly corresponding to the desired object was first covered with a mixture of clay, burnt bran and water. After this thin layer was dry, another layer, this time made of clay, was put on. When the cast, too, was dry, it could be heated over a fire until the wax flowed out through holes left for that purpose. Now the clay cast was fired. After it had cooled, liquefied metal could be poured into it. Finally the clay shell was smashed and the object appeared." (Ramseyer, Urs. 1977. s.66)

Andra föremål som ingår i den prästerliga ritualen i denna samling:

Skål (swamba), 1938.30.444

Lampa (padamaran), 1938.30.114

Kanna (kenceng, enligt Generalkatalogen), 1938.30.113

Kanna (kekenceng, enligt Generalkatalogen), 1938.30.120

Rökelseskål (pasepan), 1938.30.115

m.fl.

Skador:

Klockan har korroderat.

Materialkategori
metall
Material - tillverkning
brons
Teknik - tillverkning
gjutet
Namn - förvärvat från
Kistner, Åke (1908 - 1976), ingenjör
alt
Beskrivning
Ingenjör, "Han var född i Stockholm och avlade ingenjörsexamen i Wiesbaden. Under åren före kriget 1937-39 vistades han på Bali, varifrån han hemförde en stor samling etnografika, som han sedan skänkte till Etnografiska museet i Stockholm.[...] Åke Kistner, som på sin tid tilldelades Linnémedaljen för sina insatser, ansågs som en intresserad och mycket kunnig forskare. Under 1950-talet var han försäljare i Hald & Tesch Brand AB, efter att tidigare ha innehaft egen agentur." (DN 26 maj 1976) /US
Källor, Kulturnav - samma
kulturnav.org
Källor - http
collections.smvk.se, runeberg.org
Datum - förvärv till museet
1938
Höjd
19,5 cm
Diameter
7 cm
Ursprungsdatabas
Etno
Klassifikation, OCM (smal)
Dyrkan (782); Heliga föremål och platser (778); Musikinstrument (534); Ritual (788)
OWC - ursprung
OB1; OF7
Belongs to Samling
1938.30 :: Kistner, Åke