Carlotta - the museum database

OBJTXTBeskrivning, engelska

1A.M. Duggan-Cronin (1874-1954) Alfred Duggan-Cronin was born on 17 May 1874 at Innishannon in Ireland. In 1897 he came out to South Africa and started his career with De Beers Consolidated Mines Ltd. In 1904 he bought a box camera and began taking photographs. He taught himself the techniques and the first indigenous people he photographed were migrant workers in the compounds. A realisation and awareness that their traditional way of life was rapidly changing led Duggan-Cronin to contemplate going out into the field to capture the people in their homes, and their way of life before it was lost completely or changed irrevocably. Miss Maria Wilman, the first director of the McGregor Museum in Kimberley, encouraged him in this enterprise and assisted with obtaining funding. Several later expeditions were funded by the Carnegie Corporation. In 1919 Duggan-Cronin made his first expedition which was to the Langeberg (in the Northern Cape), where he photographed the San people living there. Over the next twenty years he would undertake on average two journeys a year to many parts of South Africa. He also travelled to the neighbouring countries: Lesotho, Swaziland, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Mozambique. In all he clocked up over 128 000 kilometres on these travels and took over 6000 photographs. Duggan-Cronin died in 1954 and is buried in Kimberley. His collection was left to the people of Kimberley, and is in the care of the McGregor Museum. It is housed at the Gallery which bears his name. Made available through the beneficence of De Beers the Duggan-Cronin Gallery was opened in 1938, serving as both a place to display his work and as his home. When General J.C. Smuts visited the Gallery he remarked that: ‘you can die now Cronin, your monument is raised’. Duggan-Cronin replied: ‘I would like to live a little longer to enjoy my monument, General, if I may!’. (http://www.my-kimberley.co.za/get%20busy/articles.php?id=127, 2010-09-03)
1Adolfo de Hostos (born 1887) served in the mid twentieth century, from January 1936 to 1950, as the fifth Official Historian of Puerto Rico, a position created in March, 1903, by the Puerto Rico Legislature. De Hostos had served in the Army and as military aide to Gov. Arthur Yeager before his appointment by Gov. Blanton Winship. His most prominent publication is "Ciudad Murada", the history of the city of San Juan, Puerto Rico, the United States' oldest city. After his retirement in 1950, the position of Official Historian remained vacant for 43 years, until the Puerto Rico House of Representatives approved in 1993 Senate Concurrent Resolution 14, authored by Sen. Kenneth McClintock, designated Dr. Barbosa. De Hostos made an important contribution to pre-Columbian archaeology with his book titled Anthropological Papers: Based Principally on Studies of the Prehistoric Archaeology and Ethnology of the Greater Antilles published in 1941. (wikipedia, 2011-06-15)
1A dress in pink velvet, decorated at the neckline and bodice with rhinestones. Worn by the donor at home during colder times.
1A dress in red fabric, embroidered with red, pink and yellow threads, sequins and rhinestones. Worn by the donor during a party after the wedding ceremony where the bride is presented to the female family members.
1A dress in white jaquard fabric, with decorative black, gold, pink, green and blue threads at the neckline, hem and wrists. A typical kabyl dress, usually owrn as a wedding dress, but worn at home by the donor.
1Adrien Taunay the Younger (1803 - 5 January 1828) was a French painter and draftsman. He was born in Paris in 1803, the son of history and genre painter Nicolas-Antoine Taunay (1755-1830). Adrien moved to Rio de Janeiro in 1816, accompanying his father, who was a member of the French Artistic Mission. Adrien was the junior draftsman aboard the French vessel of exploration Uranie, commanded by Captain Louis de Freycinet. During the ship's 22 day stay in Hawaii in 1819, Adrien Taunay working with the official artist Jacques Arago (1790-1855), produced many portraits and natural history drawings. They depicted the local people and landscape at a time when Hawaii was becoming a whaling center and part of the trade route with China. After completion of this voyage, Adrien returned to Rio de Janeiro in 1820, and devoted himself to the study of arts and languages. He succeeded Johann Moritz Rugendas (1802-1858), to the position of first draughtsman of the exhibition led by the Consul Georg Heinrich von Langsdorff (1774-1852), which between the years 1825 to 1829 navigated the rivers of the Brazilian states of São Paulo, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso and Pará. After traveling for two years, they arrived in Cuiabá, where they remained for approximately a year. Langsdorff then decided to split the expedition into two groups, which, after following different routes, would meet in the city of Belém do Pará. The group consisting of Adrien Taunay and the botanist Ludwig Riedel (1791-1861) had the task of following the rivers Guaporé and Madeira. On this journey, they reached Vila Bela de Mato Grosso, in December 1827. After a number of trips around the settlements and having separated from Ludwig Riedel|Riedel, Adrien Taunay got lost in the forest. He finally managed to locate the bank of the Guaporé river, but drowned while trying to cross it in January 1828. The Honolulu Academy of Arts and the National Library of Australia are among the public collections holding works of Adrien Taunay the Younger. (wikipedia, 2012-02-27)
1A felted wool mat, known as a Shyrdak, the technique to make this type of mat that is now recognised as Unesco Intangible heritage.
1Afong (A Fong, Ah Fong, Lai Afong), Hong Kong Chinese studio whose founder apparently started in the profession c. 1859, leaving his son to continue c. 1890. The firm continued into the third generation, until 1941. As with most Chinese studios, the man behind the commercial name is elusive. However, his business activities are clear, because from the mid-1860s he was advertising heavily in the local foreign-language press. Aiming, like his fellow countrymen, at the most profitable part of the business, he endeavoured to take photography out of Westerners' hands, undercutting their prices while offering similar products. Afong is one of the few Chinese photographers who did views; his Hong Kong series compare with Floyd's or Thomson's in subject matter (if not quality). While Afong the man seems to have owned the studio, how much of a photographer he himself was is unclear, since he employed Western assistants/managers, as well as Chinese staff. Ultimately, as in all Chinese ports, he and his colleagues in Hong Kong remained masters of the game. (Régine Thiriez, www.answers.com, 2012-04-25)
1A galmo is a waterproof cover for protecting a gat (man’s brimmed hat worn outdoors) from rain. It is made from pleated oil-paper on a frame of split bamboo ribs. When open, it is cone-shaped, reminiscent of an umbrella, when folded it looks like a fan. The long strings which are attached in the lower section of the galmo were probably used to fasten the galmo above the gat.
1aids quilt
1Akha Apee village Our final night in the mountains, staying with the friendliest villagers so far. Akha Apee village is a mix of old and new; they have electricity (including a TV and a ‘fridge!), but their beliefs are still firmly rooted in old Akha ways, and they remain very traditional. They hadn’t seen any strangers in town for over two years, and hence it caused quite a commotion, especially among the children. Whether we brushed our teeth or scratched our noses seemed to be a source of huge fascination to them! After dinner, there was plenty of singing and dancing until the late hours, whilst the men indulged in a little opium! (Ethical photography, flickr)
1Alcide Charles Victor Marie Dessalines d'Orbigny (6 September 1802 - 30 June 1857) was a French naturalist who made major contributions in many areas, including zoology (including malacology), palaeontology, geology, archaeology and anthropology. D'Orbigny was born in Couëron (Loire-Atlantique), the son of a ship's physician and amateur naturalist. The family moved to La Rochelle in 1820, where his interest in natural history was developed while studying the marine fauna and especially the microscopic creatures that he named "foraminiferans". In Paris he became a disciple of the geologist Pierre Louis Antoine Cordier (1777-1861) and Georges Cuvier. All his life, he would follow the theory of Cuvier and stay opposed to Lamarckism. South American eraD'Orbigny travelled on a mission for the Paris Museum, in South America between 1826 and 1833. He visited Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Chile, Bolivia and Peru and returned to France with an enormous collection of more than 10,000 natural history specimens. He described part of his findings in La Relation du Voyage dans l'Amérique Méridionale pendant les annés 1826 à 1833 (Paris, 1824-47, in 90 fascicles. His contemporary, Charles Darwin called this book "one of the great monuments of science in the 19th century". The other specimens were described by zoologists at the museum. He had numerous interactions with Darwin, and named certain species after Darwin; for example d'Orbigny assigned the common name Darwin's rhea to the South American bird Rhea pennata.[1] [edit] 1840 and later On the shore of Rio Magdalen. Image from Voyages pittoresque dans les deux AmériquesIn 1840, d'Orbigny started the methodical description of French fossils and published La Paléontologie Française (8 vols). In 1849 he published a closely related Prodrome de Paléontologie Stratigraphique, intended as a "Preface to Stratigraphic Palaeontology", in which he described almost 18,000 species, and with biostratigraphical comparisons erected geological stages, the definitions of which rest on their stratotypes. In 1853 he became professor of palaeontology at the Paris Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, publishing his Cours élémentaire that related paleontology to zoology, as a science independent of the uses made of it in stratigraphy.[2] The chair of paleontology was created especially in his honor. The d’Orbigny collection is housed in the Salle d'Orbigny and is often visited by experts.[3] He described as first the geological timescales and defined numerous geological strata, still used today as chronostratigraphic reference such as Toarcian, Callovian, Oxfordian, Kimmeridgian, Aptian, Albian and Cenomanian. He died in the small town of Pierrefitte-sur-Seine, near Paris. (wikipedia, 2012-03-13)
1Alfred Métraux was born in Lausanne, Switzerland. Metraux spent much of his childhood in Argentina where his father was a well known surgeon resident in Mendoza. His mother was a Georgian from Tbilisi. He received his secondary and university education in Europe, at the Classical Gymnasium of Lausanne, the Ecole Nationale des Chartes in Paris, the Ecole Nationale des Langues Orientales (Diplome, 1925). The Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (Diplome, 1927) and the Sorbonne (Docteur es Lettres, 1928). He also studied in Sweden, in Gothenburg’s Hogskola, and did research at the Göteborg Museum. Among his teachers were Marcel Mauss, Paul Rivet, and Erland von Nordenskiold. While he was still a student he entered into correspondence with Father John Cooper who introduced him to the American school of cultural anthropology. It is said that Father Cooper did not realize at first that his scholarly correspondent was only 19 and 20 years old. They actually met much later, when Metraux came to the United States; but Father Cooper seems to have had considerable influence on Alfred Metraux’s thought. Metraux combined in his work the best of both the European and the American tradition of historical anthropology. (wikipedia, 2010-08-16)
1Alioune Ba is a key figure in the development of art photography in Mali, Alioune Ba’s monochrome images focus on tone, texture and pictorial rhythm. Undermining Western preconceptions of the Sahel region by presenting it as a repository of quiet beauty, many of his photographs offer graceful insights into village life. Ba’s images of exquisitely decorated bodies, meanwhile, make visual poetry from local rituals by mixing abstract patterns with vivid naturalism. (http://www.eyestorm.com/artists/profile/Alioune_Ba.html, 2010-04-26)
1Although he was widely known, and was the past honored by various geology and research organizations, he was not affiliated with many organizations. He was a member of the Myerstown Reformed Church for many years. He was the last of his family and leaves a nephew, Charles P. Musser who resides on a farm several miles east of Myerstown on the Lebanon-Berks County line. [Lebanon Daily News, 15 March 1950]
1Amazon forest fires. (credit: NASA)
1Andreas Fridolin Weis Bentzon was born in Copenhagen on the 23rd of May 1936. He attended his university studies in this city where he entered the faculty of Ethnology of the University of Copenhagen. He was an associate member of the Dansk Folkmindesamling (Danish Institute of folklore research). He came to Sardinia for the first time in 1952 during his High School vacation and returned in 1953-1955. He was awarded a scholarship which allowed him an eight month sojourn in Sardinia in the years 1957-58. He wrote several articles for French, English and Danish magazines and he held programmes for Danish and Norwegian radio. Bentzon returned to Sardinia in 1962. During this three year sojourn he collected a great amount of information and he operated many recordings of the main Launeddas players of the time, such as Efisio Melis, Antonio Lara, Dionigi Burranca, Pasqualino Erriu, Aurelio Porcu, Giovanni Lai and many others. The results of this research allowed the publication of two volumes on Launeddas in 1969, which are of great importance for what concerns Sardinian and non-Sardinian ethno- musicological studies (The Launeddas: A Sardinian folk music instrument, 2 vol., Acta Musicologica Danica n.1, Akademisk Floras, Copenhagen 1969). Bentzon came to an untimely death in 1972. (sardinia.net, 2013-09-03)
1Antoine Hercule Romuald Florence (1804 – March 27, 1879) was a French-Brazilian painter and inventor, known as the isolate inventor of photography in Brazil, three years before Daguerre (but six years after Nicéphore Niépce), using the matrix negative/positive, still in use. According to Kossoy, who examined Florence's notes,[1] he referred to his process, in French, as photographie in 1834, at least four years before John Herschel coined the English word photography. (wikipedia, 2012-02-27)
1Antony J. Gooszen, leader of the South New Guinea detachment of the Military Exploration Team, during the first military exploration of Dutch New Guinea in the period 1907-1915. This Royal Dutch East-Indian Army officer's interest in ethnography resulted in thousands of objects from East Indonesia reaching the museum. (syftar på Museum Volkenkunde i Holland, www.rmv.nl)
1Aoife O’Brien received her Ph.D. in Anthropology/Art History from the Sainsbury Research Unit for the Arts of Africa, Oceania and the Americas at the University of East Anglia in England in 2011. Her doctoral research focused on material culture from the Solomon Islands in the early colonial period. Her research interests include ethnography, visual anthropology, museum anthropology, Pacific Island studies, and cultural encounters. She has previously worked for the National Museum of Ireland and recently she held an appointment as a Senior Research Fellow at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. In the spring of 2015 and 2016 she taught new courses for the Department of Art History and Archaeology. A lecture course titled “Introduction to the Arts of Oceania” was taught both years. In 2015 an advanced seminar titled “Power, Authority and Spirituality in Oceanic Art” was offered, with a Freshman Seminar entitled “Understanding Oceanic Art" taught the following year. She will return to Washington University in spring 2017 to repeat the course “Introduction to the Arts of Oceania” as well as another new Freshman seminar, “Imagining the Pacific: from Captain Cook to Disney’s Moana.” These courses represent the first time the Department has been able to offer courses in this exciting area, so well represented by distinguished local collections at our neighboring institution, The Saint Louis Museum. Dr. O'Brien's fellowship is shared with the Saint Louis Art Museum. During her tenure at Washington University, she is the Korff Postdoctoral Fellow in Oceanic Art; while working on her appointment at the Saint Louis Art Museum, she is the Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow in Oceanic Art. In fall 2014, Dr. O'Brien assisted with the exhibition Atua: sacred gods from Polynesia as well as undertaking research on the museum's Oceanic collections. Dr. O'Brien is continuing research on the museum’s Oceanic collections as well as preparing for a rotation of Polynesian objects in a new exhibition space. She is further preparing a temporary installation focusing on bird feather and bone objects from the Pacific, due to open in December 2016. This will provide an important expansion of the museum’s permanent display of Oceanic Art. (https://arthistory.artsci.wustl.edu/people/aoife-obrien, read 2017-10-09)
1A Peruvian Pelican at Pan de Azúcar National Park, Atacama Region, Chile. Birds and especially seabirds had in various ways a special connection to agriculture. They often were associated with fertility and some produced the highly desirable fertilizer called guano that was used in the fields. These birds were immensely important due to their valuable droppings. (photo:Javier Ignacio Acuña )
1Arabic Machine Manuscript (Orient manuscript 3306) (this image is cropped and part of the text at the top is not showing)
1Archaeologist, anthropologist and medicine doctor. As an anthropologist and archaeologist, he was a referent in Argentina. Began researching the cultures of Northwest Argentina in the decade of 1950's. He was a pioneer in the carbon dating system 14 (a method used to determine the "age" of a fossil), discovered that the fossils found in that area had eight thousand years. But do not stop there: continued to investigate until he managed to make a comprehensive cultural historical reconstruction of pre-Columbian cultures, incorporating economic and social organization, to studies of ceramics. Between 1984 and 1987 he was director of the Ethnographic Museum of the University of Buenos Aires (UBA). And from 1984 to 1989, chief of the Division Archaeological Museum of Natural Sciences of La Plata. In the decade of 80's, when the Academy not help him, he offered his encouragement and support to the then fledgling Forensic Anthropology Team, which identified the remains of many missings during the last dictatorship. He was awarded the Special Award of the American Archaeological Society, Between another awards. (www.findagrave.com, 2013-11-22)
1A rectangular cloth with black fringe. The motif consists of animal figures (chicken, dog, sea horse), large birds and tree of life, Dutch lions., Date first half of 20th century, acquisition unknown
1A Rodiya woman carrying water, Ceylon.
1Arthur Posnansky (1873 - 1946), often called "Arturo", was a Bolivian engineer, explorer and archaeologist. He best remembered for popularizing the archaeological site of Tiwanaku. He was born in Vienna on April 13, 1873 and died in La Paz, Bolivia in 1946. Posnansky was known as a prolific writer and researcher. He was self-taught archaeologist and also wrote ethnography. He was a member and later President of the Sociedad Geografica de Bolivia, based in La Paz. (wikipedia, 2010-09-20)
1Arvid Kornelius Jorm (1892 – 1964) was a Swedish painter and graphic artist. Jorm was born Arvid Johansson in Gothenburg in 1892, the son of a shopkeeper. He changed his name to Arvid Jorm in 1919. He studied at the Valand School of Fine Arts in Gothenburg under Axel Erdmann and Birger Simonsson, and in Copenhagen under Astrid Holm. He did study trips to France, Italy and North Africa. His work included Italian landscapes and town pictures, and Swedish landscapes, coastal and harbour pictures. He worked in oils, watercolours, woodcuts, lithographs and etching. Jorm’s art decorated a number of buildings in Sweden including the ceiling of Skene Church, Skövde court house, and Liseberg in Gothenburg. He died in Gothenburg in 1964. (Wikipedia, 2015-02-24)
1A sea turtle entangled in a ghost net. (Fotograf Doug Helton)
1Atoll South Tarawa serves as the capital of Kiribati, which has about 50,000 inhabitants (Photo taken by Government of Kiribati employee in the course of their work)
1Axel Wilhelm Eriksson (24 August 1846–5 May 1901) was a Swedish ornithologist, settler and trader in what is now Namibia. He was born in Vänersborg, in Sweden. Eriksson went to South-West Africa in 1866 (before Germany had established its colony of German South West Africa in 1884) to serve out a three-year apprenticeship to Charles John Andersson. In 1871, with Swede Anders Ohlsson, he established a brewery at Omaruru. Eriksson established a trading post there, which flourished and by 1878 employed about forty whites. Eriksson's business was based upon long-distance trading between southern Angola and Cape Colony, which necessitated the establishment of regional trade routes.[2] He also built up an extensive bird collection, specimens coming from South West Africa, Angola and the Transvaal (now Gauteng Province in South Africa), the bulk of which has since been donated to the municipal museum in Vänersborg. His activities gained much respect from a wide range of communities, including native and Boer, over a large geographic area. He was known to the Herero as Karuwapa Katiti ("the small white person"). Axel Eriksson died on 5 May 1901 at Urupupa farm. It was said that "when Karuwapa died, the goodness in the country died as well". His grave at Rietfontein, thirty kilometres south west of Grootfontein, was made a national monument in 1978; a sign beside the grave reads: "This is the last resting place of Axel Eriksson, well known traveller, hunter, trader and pioneer, through whose intercession the Cape Government sent food to the distressed thirstland trekkers in 1879 thus rescuing various families from certain death".[3] Despite the grave's status, the site is virtually inaccessible and is not maintained, with its boundary fence no longer intact (as at October 2014). Eriksson married Frances "Fanny" Stewardson, in 1871 and the couple had two sons, Axel Eriksson (1871-1924 (died at Gaideb, Warmbad)), a noted painter[5] and Andrew Albert Eriksson (1876-?), who became a priest in Sweden. There was also a daughter, Maud Alice Eriksson (who married in Cape Town and moved to England). Eriksson's two brothers, Carl and Gustav also migrated to South-West Africa.[6] Eriksson divorced Frances and subsequently married a Herero princess. The couple had a son, Jacob (born around 1884), who became a farmer in what is now Mozambique (his fate is not known). (Wikipedia, 2015-07-22)