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Carlotta - the museum database

bild

1938.30.0397 :: mask

Object description

Mask av skuret och bemålat trä. Masken har demonansikte med stora , runda, stirrande ögon, långa, utstickande hörntänder och en utskjutande överkäke. Masken föreställer Rangda.

"Rangda, the embodiment of a witch par exellence, with protruding, wide-open eyes, wild mane-like hair, a mouth with a row of large upper incisors and huge, curved canines; rangda, with a bright red, flaming tongue that, like her flaccid breasts, hangs down to the magical hip cloth which protects her from pointed weapons...But who is rangda for the Balinese? Above all, she is a great theatrical figure, a pamurtian character, i.e. a mask increased to superhuman proportions, which always appears when a fight between right and left breaks out on magical territory. Thus Durga occasionally uses her body and the widow Calon Arang in the drama of the same name fights in the form of a rangda against the exorcist priest Mpu Paradah, who for his part can take on the shape of the barong.

Barong and Rangda are by no means inseparably connected and play completely independent roles in various rites. While the figure of rangda can probably be traced back to Tantric magic practices of the Singhasari period, the origins of the barong are uncertain; but Chinese-Buddhist influences may certainly be taken into consideration. In this case one must in all likelihood look outside Bali for the cultural-historical roots of both figures. The fact that both of them are missing in the Old Balinese viallges also suggests this." (Ramseyer, Urs. 1977. s.190)

Skador:

Färgen har flagnat. Det finns en spricka från vänster ögonbryn ner genom hakan. Sprickan är lagad i hakan med en träplugg och en spik, som har rostat.

(NS)

Inventarienummer
1938.30.0397
Sakord
mask
Sakord, engelska
mask
Personnamn - avbildad
Rangda
Beskrivning
Demon och häxa på Bali. Hon framställs som en oftast naken gammal kvinna, med långt och ovårdat hår, hängande bröst och klor. Hennes ansikte är traditionellt skräckinjagande, ofta med en lång utstickande tunga. Barnätande.
Etnisk grupp - ursprung
balineser
Region - ursprung
Bali
Land - ursprung
Indonesien : Asien
alt
Geonames-referens
sws.geonames.org
Källor, Wikipedia - beskr. av
sv.wikipedia.org
Land, engelska - ursprung
Indonesia
Världsdel - ursprung
Asien
Beskrivning

Mask av skuret och bemålat trä. Masken har demonansikte med stora , runda, stirrande ögon, långa, utstickande hörntänder och en utskjutande överkäke. Masken föreställer Rangda.

"Rangda, the embodiment of a witch par exellence, with protruding, wide-open eyes, wild mane-like hair, a mouth with a row of large upper incisors and huge, curved canines; rangda, with a bright red, flaming tongue that, like her flaccid breasts, hangs down to the magical hip cloth which protects her from pointed weapons...But who is rangda for the Balinese? Above all, she is a great theatrical figure, a pamurtian character, i.e. a mask increased to superhuman proportions, which always appears when a fight between right and left breaks out on magical territory. Thus Durga occasionally uses her body and the widow Calon Arang in the drama of the same name fights in the form of a rangda against the exorcist priest Mpu Paradah, who for his part can take on the shape of the barong.

Barong and Rangda are by no means inseparably connected and play completely independent roles in various rites. While the figure of rangda can probably be traced back to Tantric magic practices of the Singhasari period, the origins of the barong are uncertain; but Chinese-Buddhist influences may certainly be taken into consideration. In this case one must in all likelihood look outside Bali for the cultural-historical roots of both figures. The fact that both of them are missing in the Old Balinese viallges also suggests this." (Ramseyer, Urs. 1977. s.190)

Skador:

Färgen har flagnat. Det finns en spricka från vänster ögonbryn ner genom hakan. Sprickan är lagad i hakan med en träplugg och en spik, som har rostat.

(NS)

Publicerad text, engelska

Function: From kaya, “up towards the mountain”, i.e. the volcano Gunung Agung, the abode of the gods and the heavenly sphere, flows forces of blessing down to the humans. In the opposite direction lies kelod “down towards the sea”, which is seen as a home of evil spirits and destructive powers which emanate from the underworld. In Balinese cosmology equilibrium is thought to prevail between these two poles, divine and demoniac, upper world and lower world, order and chaos. If this state is disturbed the cosmic powers become unbalanced and evil spirits and demons may roam freely. To restore the equilibrium the menacing and dangerous must be neutralised. Several Balinese dance dramas serve exactly this purpose to control and force back evil spirits. This happens for example in the dance drama Calon Arang. The main character in the drama is Rangda, the wrathful, destroying side of the widow Calwanarang from Girah. Furious that no man dares to marry her beautiful daughter because of the mother’s knowledge of black magic she turns to the death goddess Durga to receive her permission for vengeance. With Durga’s help she is transformed into the terrible witch Rangda that spreads pestilence and destruction across the country. Rangda is rendered harmless by the wise and holy Mpu Bharadah, who kills her demoniac self and thus delivers her. A south Balinese village usually owns two Rangda masks. One is kept in the village temple, Pura Desa, the other in the underworld temple, Pura Dalem. These masks have been carved directly from a growing kapok tree. At an consecration ceremony the masks are “charged with power”. The power is connected with the underworld and the death goddess. That is why a consecrated mask is dangerous. At the same time the Rangda masks protect the village from destructive, evil and sickness generating powers, which they chase away with their mere presence. The Rangda figure thus has a beneficial side.

Acquisition Acquired by Åke Kistner (1908-1976). Between 1937 and 1939 he lived in Bali, where he during the two first years brought together a sizeable collection which he donated to the Museum of Ethnography, Stockholm.

Why this is a masterpiece

This particular mask has been chosen as an example of similar wooden objects from Bali exemplifying that kind of "art" before it became popular with tourists and masks were turned out in large quantities for the tourist market.

History of the Object

History before the acquisition made by Åke Kistner not known. Since 1938 it has been with the Museum of Ethnography. (Virtual Collection of Masterpieces, http://masterpieces.asemus.museum/Default.aspx)

Materialkategori
trä
Teknik - tillverkning
skuret; bemålat
Personnamn - förvärvat från
Kistner, Åke (1908 - 1976), ingenjör
alt
Beskrivning
Ingenjör, "Han var född i Stockholm och avlade ingenjörsexamen i Wiesbaden. Under åren före kriget 1937-39 vistades han på Bali, varifrån han hemförde en stor samling etnografika, som han sedan skänkte till Etnografiska museet i Stockholm.[...] Åke Kistner, som på sin tid tilldelades Linnémedaljen för sina insatser, ansågs som en intresserad och mycket kunnig forskare. Under 1950-talet var han försäljare i Hald & Tesch Brand AB, efter att tidigare ha innehaft egen agentur." (DN 26 maj 1976) /US
Källor, Kulturnav - samma
kulturnav.org
Källor - http
collections.smvk.se, runeberg.org
Datum - förvärv till museet
1938
Höjd
23 cm
Bredd
19 cm
Sökord
vcm; Google Art
Ursprungsdatabas
Etno
Klassifikation, OCM (smal)
Bildkonst (532); Dans (535); Drama (536); Heliga föremål och platser (778)
OWC - ursprung
OB1; OF7
Belongs to Samling
1938.30 :: Kistner, Åke